Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and leads to numerous diseases. In addition to reducing the overall health of the smokers in general. Smoking during pregnancy can cause birth defects, premature birth and even death of the infant.
A new research conducted at the Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health and the City University, New York, examined the relationship between smoking and major depressive disorder (MDD), in pregnant women and found that prenatal smoking was four times more common among women with MDD.
According to lead author, Dr. Renee D. Goodwin, given the overall downward trends in smoking, an increase in smoking rates in any population is a cause for concern.
The researchers examined cigarette smoking rates in more than 8,500 pregnant women who were enrolled in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. The annual cross-sectional survey polls a representative sample of the U.S. population and included data from 2005 to 2014.
The findings from the research concluded that while the rate of smoking among pregnant women without depression decreased from 12.5 percent in 2005 to 9.1 percent in 2014, the rate among pregnant women with depression climbed 2.5 percent, from 35.9 percent in 2005 to 38.4 percent in 2014. The researchers also found disparities in prenatal smoking rates based on socioeconomic factors such as education, income and race. Disadvantaged women, including those with lower incomes, lower educational attainments, etc., were found more likely to smoke during pregnancy. The researchers felt that more work was needed to understand the reason for this in the vulnerable, high-risk population.
Dr. Goodwin feels that many women do not realize that depression interferes with their ability to stop smoking and may require extra assistance. She added that although public health campaigns to educate people on the importance of quitting smoking are highly recommended, treatment for depression in relation to curbing smoking during pregnancy may also be a critical component to help women succeed in quitting smoking tobacco or marijuana.
Further, experts suggested that while some women with depression may not realize the impact their mental health has on their smoking habits, attempts to help pregnant women stop smoking should include depression screening at regular intervals and treatment, if needed.
A serious mental illness, major depression affects about one out of 10 women aged between 18 and 44 years. A chronic mental illness, women are more than twice as likely as men to suffer from depression. Some of the experiences that may put some women at a higher risk of developing depression include stress, low social support, pregnancy and birth-related complications. Depression can also occur in women with a healthy pregnancy and birth.
Depression during pregnancy also increases the likelihood of women indulging in unhealthy behaviors such as drinking alcohol or not getting adequate nutrition. A risk-factor among pregnant women, these behaviors could result in pregnancy-related problems including babies with behavioral issues, dangerously low birth weight and even premature birth.
In addition to mental disorders, substance abuse during pregnancy can be risky for a woman and her child’s health. It can lead to high blood pressure, migraine, and seizure in women and can also increase the risk of miscarriage. Additionally, it can also cause the child to suffer from withdrawal-related birth defects and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
Of both the genders, women are more prone to mental disorders, the prevalence of which can lead to substance abuse. When mental disorders and substance abuse co-occur, the condition is called dual diagnosis.
When it comes to mental disorders and substance use disorders (SUD), women may face unique issues that are influenced by differences based on biology and culturally defined roles for men and women. Sovereign Health of Arizona, a leading behavioral and addiction treatment center for women, provides individualized, evidence-based treatment programs for women suffering from coexisting disorders. Basis the duration and severity of a patient’s symptoms, dual diagnosis rehabilitation programs at Chandler may include detoxification, medication, or individual and group therapy, complemented by experiential therapies.
For more information on our dual diagnosis treatment programs at our Arizona facility, call our 24/7 helpline. You can even chat online with our representatives for further assistance.https://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/smoking-rates-increase-among-pregnant-women-with-depression-0816171
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