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Getting to understand bath salt addiction
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Getting to understand bath salt addiction

Bath salts, also known as synthetic cathinones, are man-made substances prepared from the khat plant grown extensively in east Africa and southern Arabia. People in these areas usually chew the leaves of this shrub or brew it for tea for its mild stimulant properties. Synthetic cathinones are available in the form of white or brown crystalline powder. They are usually marketed in plastic bags or foil paper under the label – “not for human consumption. ” Some of the names under which bath salts are sold are “plant food,” “phone screen cleaner,” and “jewellery cleaner,” among others.

Some of the other important facts about bath salts are given below:

  • These can be bought online or from drug paraphernalia stores under different names like “vanilla sky,” “white lightening,” “bliss,” “lunar wave,” “cloud nine,” etc.
  • Bath salts can be swallowed, smoked, injected or snorted. Snorting and taking through injection produce the worst outcomes.
  • Synthetic cathinones belong to a class of emerging drugs known as new psychoactive substances (NPS). These are unregulated substances with no medicinal value and are introduced in quick succession to evade the law.
  • These are marketed as cheap substitutes for methamphetamine and cocaine. Sometimes, substances like molly (MDMA) also contain bath salts.
  • These substances are chemically similar to amphetamines, MDMA and cocaine.
  • They contain 3,4methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) – a common synthetic substance that affects the brain like cocaine, but is 10 times stronger.
  • Synthetic cathinones can produce effects like paranoia, hallucinations, excited delirium, panic attacks, increased sex drive and increased friendliness.
  • High blood pressure, raised heart beat and chest pain are some of the other adverse effects of the use of this drug. People grappling with delirium also struggle with dehydration, breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue and kidney collapse.
  • Bath salt intoxication can also result in death.
  • Bath salts are addictive in nature as they produce a strong urge to use more.
  • Withdrawal symptoms related to the drug include anxiety, depression, paranoia, disturbed sleeping patterns and tremors.

Bath salt addiction can be treated

Chronic use of bath salts may lead to cognitive impairment, attention deficits, lack in concentration, serious cardiovascular problems, brain swelling and seizures. Frequent use may also lead to physical dependence on the substance.

If someone addicted to bath salts is grappling with symptoms, he/she must get enrolled for bath salt treatment protocol comprising a thorough initial assessment of physical and psychological symptoms and investigation of the living conditions. Benzodiazepines are usually administered to manage the associated withdrawal symptoms like seizure. Inpatient treatment protocol is generally preferred for bath salt addiction treatment. Concurrent to addiction treatment, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of behavioral therapy are also administered.

Women and bath salts

Women are as susceptible as men to substance use. However, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, they have a greater tendency to crave and relapse compared to men. Further, past research has shown that women use and respond to drugs differently.

We, at Sovereign Health, understand the painful effects of drug addiction. Our state-of the-art facilities combine traditional clinical treatment with therapeutic activities for long-lasting recovery. Understanding their special needs, women should opt for centers that offer bath salts abuse treatment for women. For more information on our treatment programs or to locate bath salts abuse treatment centers for women, call us at our 24/7 helpline of chat live online with a member of our team.

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